Periodontal disease is a leading cause of tooth loss and may be associated with other chronic disease, including diabetes and heart disease.
Types of Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis– this is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen and to bleed easily. There is usually little discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good home care.
Periodontitis– Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. Toxins produced by bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth and from pockets. As the disease progresses the pockets deepen and more gum and bone tissue are destroyed. Eventually the teeth may become so loose that they may need to be removed.